Friday, 30 April 2010
Thursday, 29 April 2010
Is it a change in behaviour or understanding?
Is it a process?
So I've decided to have a bit more insight into learning theories.
LEARNING AS A PROCUCT
In 1960s and 1970s mostly learning was defined as a change in behaviour, learning was approached as an outcome - the end product of some process. This approach has a crucial aspect of learning - change.
·Does a person need to perform in order for learning to have happened?
·Are there other factors that may have caused behaviour to change?
Questions such as these have lead to to qualification. Some have looked to identifying relatively permanent changes in behaviour (or potential for change) as a result of experiences (behaviourism).
However, not all changes in behaviour resulting from experience involve learning.
Many theorists have been concerned with changes in the ways in which people 'understand, or experience, or conceptualise the world around them' (cognitivism)
The focus is gaining knowledge or ability through the use of experience.
Some years ago Säljö (1979) carried out a simple, but very useful piece of research. He asked a number of adult students what they understood by learning. Their responses fell into five main categories:
- Learning as a quantitative increase in knowledge. Learning is acquiring information or ‘knowing a lot’.
- Learning as memorising. Learning is storing information that can be reproduced.
- Learning as acquiring facts, skills, and methods that can be retained and used as necessary.
- Learning as making sense or abstracting meaning. Learning involves relating parts of the subject matter to each other and to the real world.
- Learning as interpreting and understanding reality in a different way. Learning involves comprehending the world by reinterpreting knowledge. (quoted in Ramsden 1992: 26)
LEARNING AS A PROCESS - task-conscious or acquisition learning and learning-conscious or formalised learning
In the five categories that Säljö identified learning is appearing as a process - there is a concern with what happens when the learning takes place. In this way, learning could be thought of as a process by which behaviour changes as a result of experience. One of the significant questions that arises is the extent to which people are conscious of what is going on. Are they aware that they are engaged in learning - and what significance does it have if they are?
Wednesday, 28 April 2010
Friday, 23 April 2010
Wednesday, 21 April 2010
Monday, 19 April 2010
I finally had reeds so I need to prepare them for making my first reed octahedron.
After talking to several people about my next places to visit in search of reeds I was advised to check some shops. Even though it seemed like quite a strange approach, I was ready to try my luck. My first stop was Wheelhouse, but my search failed again. Next I went on to Wilkinson where I was quite surprised to finally find reeds in the garden section sold as Reed Screening! It seemed the way to go forward, considering that one of my final options was to ask my parents to post some from Latvia as my search so far failed badly. But even that would have taken a few weeks as the Iceland ash cloud was abstracting the air traffic. So I decided to buy the screen and was hoping I could undo the wire woven sections and use the reeds.
Sunday, 18 April 2010
Looking through the straws I collected in Radnor Gardens I decided that it's not quite what I need to make 'puzuri'. So my next destination was Osterley Park where there are two lakes and I was hoping to finally find some reeds.
Saturday, 17 April 2010
My first destination was Radnor Gardens. I was very pleased when I saw some old straws on the river banks, after cutting some I discovered they were hollow in the middle. I wasn't sure if it will be good enough to use as the hole was quite small and they were not reeds, what I was after. Still decided to cut some of the straws and headed to my next destination Syon Park. In this case I wasn't very successful as the pond and the surrounding area were kept very clean and even if there would have been some reeds there was no sign of them left.
The smallest unit of puzurs is octahedron which is constructed of 12 pieces of straw, all identical in length. The straws are joined together with a linen or cotton thread and there are few ways how to do it. Once several octahedron are made you can join them together and create various mobiles. There are large amount of possibilities and several styles of puzuri that vary. But I'm planning to start with the most traditional one which I have described above.
Friday, 16 April 2010
Thursday, 15 April 2010
I was thinking about graphic design in a relationship with my cultural background and thought what would be Latvia's graphic language? It wasn't hard to realise that all the old traditional ornaments were the most crucial part of visual communication for centuries and were around in all applications. Starting from clothes to ceramic and even on the buildings. In the past decades it's all sort of disappearing and only gets seen very rarely on special national festivals when the traditional costumes are worn or when you visit an open air museum, where the old living 'style' has been reflected.
Saturday, 10 April 2010
Tuesday, 6 April 2010
Too much knowledge sometimes means that you are unlikely to make mistakes by accident and unable to make them on purpose.
4. A mistake may ask a question that could not otherwise have been asked.
Design is just as important as analysis. Analysis helps us to understand things. Design helps us to deliver value. Design is putting together what we have to deliver the values we want. Without design we just have routines. Some of these are very good and were set up by design in the first place. But routines have no way of changing by themselves. There is a major role for routine but also a place for design.
Sunday, 4 April 2010
Open up opportunities
Design your way forward
Feelings and values the most important things in life.
The ingredients of thinking are provided by perception.
Perception is the way we look at the world.
Perception is the way we carve up the world into chunks that we can handle.
Perception is the choice of matters to consider at any one time.
Perception chooses weather regard a glass as half empty or half full.
Thursday, 1 April 2010
Elizabeth Gilbert on nurturing creativity | Video on TED.com
I wasn't planning to post this link but I came across some article that linked back to this one and decided to point it out.
I felt a bit stuck again and flipped through my note book and came across some notes about LATERAL THINKING.
To summarise what lateral thinking is
- the ability to think creatively
- to use the inspiration and imagination to solve problem by looking at them from unexpected perspectives
- discarding the obvious
- leaving behind traditional modes of thought
- throwing away preconceptions
It surprisingly summarises all the topics I have been thinking about and the creator of this term LATERAL THINKING Edward de Bono has inspired my further thoughts about my project.